Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Bournemouth and Jurassic Coast


1406 - The very first mention of La Bournemowthe in  Christchurch cartulary. Bournemowthe was purely a geographic reference to the uninhabited area around the mouth of the small river which, in turn, drained the heathland between the towns of Poole and Christchurch.

1810 - Captain in the Dorset Yeomanry Lewis Tregonwell and his wife visit Bourne during their holiday; they liked that area of heathland with nice sea views so much that they decided to build a house next to the mouth of the River Bourne (which runs through the Lower Gardens today). That was called The Mansion and was the first house in Bournemouth and it survives to this day as a wing of the Royal Exeter Hotel.

1831 -  A travel guide published in this year calls the place "Bourne Cliffe" or "Tregonwell's Bourne"

1832 - Lewis Tregonwell dies. Statue of Captain Lewis Tregonwell can be seen outside Bournemouth International Centre on Exeter Road.

1841 - The Spas of England, published in this year, mentions town as "Bourne"

1844 - Start of works on building St.Peter's church - the founding mother church of Bournemouth. 

1851 - Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein, dies and is buried in the churchyard of  St.Peter's church

1856 - The first version of the Bournemouth Pier - just a wooden jetty

1870 - After getting a spa and railway connections, Bournemouth is recognized as town

1879 - St.Peter's church completed. Remains of Lewis Tregonwell are in its vault.

1881 - built Built as the Mont Dore Hotel, today Bournemouth Town Hall

1889Boscombe Pier opened

1893 - Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra formed (it is based in Poole nowadays)

1895 -  The Boscombe Grand Theatre opened (O2 Academy today)

1901 - East Cliff Hall completed. It was built by Merton Russell-Cotes, then the owner of the Royal Bath Hotel, as a birthday present for his wife Annie. It was built in the northeast section of his hotel's garden.

1902 - The Boscombe Grand Theatre made a concert hall and renamed to Boscombe Hippodrome

1908 - The Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum established in East Cliff Hall

1911 -  Bournemouth Hebrew Congregation synagogue built

1929Pavilion Theatre opened

1960s -  Boscombe Hippodrome renamed to Starkers Royal Arcade Ballrooms, which was visited by acts such as Pink Floyd, Status Quo, Led Zeppelin, Thin Lizzy, Hawkwind, The Faces and David Bowie.

1973 - Tolkien dies in September at his home in Bournemouth

1982 - Starkers Royal Arcade Ballrooms renamed to Academy Nightclub

1984 - The Bournemouth International Centre (BIC) completed. It is a national conference and music venue.

2007 - In survey by First Direct, Bournemouth was found to be the happiest place in the UK, with 82% of people questioned saying they were happy with their lives

2009 - Academy Nightclub becomes O2 Academy

Hotel Miramar - writer J. R. R. Tolkien, spent 30 years taking holidays in Bournemouth, staying in the same room at this hotel

Poole Bay is a bay in the English Channel, on the coast of Dorset in southern England, which runs from the mouth of Poole Harbour in the west, to Hengistbury Head in the east.

Hengistbury Head - a narrow peninsula that forms the southern shore of Christchurch Harbour. It is a local nature reserve and the site of a Bronze Age settlement

Jurassic Coast

- 96 miles (155 km) of coastline designated a World Heritage Site


877 - The town is first mentioned in historical texts in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

- fishing and quarrying (Purbeck marble, Purbeck stone)

1833 -  Princess Victoria, later to become queen visits luxury hotel opened by MP William Morton Pitt in the early 19th century; The building was later renamed the Royal Victoria Hotel, now the building has been converted into flats and a bar and nightclub in the left and right wings respectively.

Old Harry Rocks
Peveril Point with National Coastwatch Institution Lookout
Durlston Country Park

The rest of Jurassic coast 

Lulworth Cove
Stair Hole


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